Understanding Private Residence Relief: A Guide for Homeowners - Robinsons London

Understanding Private Residence Relief

Understanding Private Residence Relief: A Guide for Homeowners


Private Residence Relief (PRR) is a crucial component of the UK’s tax system, providing homeowners with relief from Capital Gains Tax (CGT) when selling their primary residence. This relief is designed to acknowledge the special significance of a person’s primary residence and the financial implications of selling it. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of Private Residence Relief, exploring its eligibility criteria, potential benefits, and key considerations for homeowners.


What is Private Residence Relief?

Private Residence Relief, often referred to simply as “PRR,” is a tax relief provided by HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) that exempts homeowners from paying Capital Gains Tax (CGT) on the profit made from the sale of their primary residence.

Eligibility Criteria

To qualify for Private Residence Relief, certain criteria must be met:

  1. Residency: The property must be the homeowner’s primary residence, and they must have lived in it for at least some part of the time they owned it.
  2. Ownership: The homeowner must have owned and lived in the property as their main residence at some point during their ownership.
  3. Size of the Garden: Relief may also apply to gardens and grounds that are considered suitable for the size and character of the property, up to a maximum of 0.5 hectares (1.2 acres).


Exceptions and Special Circumstances

While PRR generally applies to a homeowner’s primary residence, there are instances where relief may be available for other types of property:

  1. Final Period Exemption: If a property was once the homeowner’s primary residence but is no longer, the last 9 months of ownership may still qualify for PRR.
  2. Lettings Relief: Homeowners may be eligible for Lettings Relief if they have let out part or all of their property.
  3. Job-Related Accommodation: Some accommodations provided by employers may qualify for relief.
  4. Second Homes and Holiday Lets: These are typically not eligible for PRR, although certain exceptions may apply.


Benefits of Private Residence Relief

  1. Capital Gains Tax Exemption: PRR allows homeowners to avoid paying Capital Gains Tax on the profit made from the sale of their primary residence.
  2. Financial Security for Homeowners: PRR provides a level of financial security for homeowners who may wish to downsize, relocate, or upgrade their homes without incurring substantial tax liabilities.


Key Considerations for Homeowners

  1. Record-Keeping: It is crucial for homeowners to maintain accurate records of their property’s ownership and occupancy history.
  2. Consulting Tax Professionals: Seeking advice from tax professionals or accountants can help homeowners navigate the complexities of PRR and ensure compliance with HMRC regulations.
  3. Changes in Circumstances: Homeowners should be aware of how changes in their living arrangements or property use may affect their eligibility for PRR.



Private Residence Relief is a valuable tax benefit that provides homeowners with financial relief when selling their primary residence. Understanding the eligibility criteria, exceptions, and benefits of PRR can help homeowners make informed decisions about their property transactions. Consulting with tax professionals is highly recommended to ensure compliance with HMRC regulations and maximize the benefits of this important tax relief.